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Chicago Style: References

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How to Cite in Chicago: Author-Data and Notes-Bibliography Style

Formatting Your Reference List

  • All documents cited in your assignment must be listed in a single alphabetical list at the end of the assignment.
  • The list is arranged alphabetically by the author's surname, or title if no author is given.
  • The authors' names are given as they appear on the publication you have used.
  • Include the names of all authors.
  • Authors' names are given in the order in which they appear on the source document - do not rearrange the names of the authors of a multi-authored work into alphabetical order.
  • Capitalisation practice should be consistent.
  • Book and journal titles are given maximal capitalisation.
  • Journal and book titles are italicised when typed or underlined when handwritten.
  • A hanging indent for each reference makes the alphabetical sequence more obvious.

Book Format 

Author's Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Place of publication: Publisher, Date of Publication.

Periodical Format

Author's Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Journal Volume, no. # (Date): Page Number Range. DOI or URL.

Electronic Sources Format

Lastname, Firstname. “Title of Web Page.” Name of Website. Publishing organization, publication or revision date if available. Access date if no other date is available. URL .

How to Write References in Chicago Style 

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